Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form

By Eliot Goldfinger

From the writer of the vintage Human Anatomy for Artists comes this hassle-free reference advisor that includes over unique drawings and over seventy photographs.
Designed for painters, sculptors, and illustrators who use animal imagery of their paintings, Animal Anatomy for Artists bargains thorough, in-depth information regarding the main in general depicted animals, awarded in a logical and simply understood structure for artists--whether newbie or comprehensive expert. The e-book makes a speciality of the varieties created by means of muscle tissue and bones, giving artists a very important third-dimensional figuring out of the ultimate, complicated outer floor of the animal. Goldfinger not just covers the anatomy of the extra universal animals, resembling the pony, puppy, cat, cow, pig, squirrel, and rabbit, but in addition the anatomy of various wild species, together with the lion, giraffe, deer, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, elephant, gorilla, sea lion, and endure. integrated are drawings of skeletons and the way they circulate on the joints, person muscle mass exhibiting their attachments at the skeleton, muscle mass of the complete animal, go sections, pictures of reside animals, and silhouettes of similar animals evaluating their shapes and proportions. He deals a brand new and leading edge part at the simple physique plan of four-legged animals, giving the reader a vital conceptual figuring out of total animal constitution to which the main points of person animals can then be utilized. The bankruptcy on birds covers the skeleton, muscle tissues and feather styles. The appendix offers pictures of skulls with impressive horns and antlers and a bit on significant floor veins.
exceedingly thorough, jam-packed with crucial details, Animal Anatomy for Artists is a definitive reference paintings, a vital e-book for everybody who depicts animals of their art.

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The hyoid bone is hidden from view in the back of the decrease jaw within the horse and the ox, Mylohyoid however it is visible within the puppy and the pussycat within the aspect view. unfastened pores and skin folds puppy AND tom cat at the entrance of the neck and the ground of the jaw usually imprecise the • beginning: inside of floor of the decrease jaw, slightly under the the teeth sockets. hyoid bone and its hooked up muscular tissues. • Insertion: Into an identical muscle of the opposite facet, alongside the midline, Sternothyrohyoid after which into the hyoid bone. • motion: increases the ground of the mouth and the tongue; pulls the hyoid HORSE AND OX bone ahead. • foundation: Cartilage on the entrance finish of the sternum. • constitution: The mylohyoid types the downward bulging ground of the • Insertion: Hyoid bone, thyroid cartilage. mouth. each side jointly shape a sling lower than the reduce jaw. This sling • motion: Pulls the hyoid bone, and the tongue that is hooked up to it, drops down lower than the extent of the decrease jaw and for this reason types a part of downward and rearward. the profile of the throat whilst now not obscured via free pores and skin folds. • constitution: The Sternothyrohyoid passes from the throat to the sternum, and involves the mixed sternothyroid and sternohyoid. It continues to be in The mylohyoid of the ox could drop just below the decrease fringe of the touch with its fellow of the opposite aspect of the physique, at the entrance of the jaw, while within the horse is doesn't, and as a result doesn't take part neck, all through their lengths. The reduce finish of the muscle on the ster- in developing the profile. num starts as a unmarried stomach, and is roofed by way of the sternocephalicus. close to the throat, it splits and sends a slender part department to the thyroid cartilage (the sternothyroid). the bigger internal department (the sternohyoid) inserts onto the ground of the hyoid bone in universal with the omohyoid. Sternohyoid puppy AND pussycat • beginning: Deep floor of front finish of the sternum and front fringe of the cartilage of the 1st rib. • Insertion: Hyoid bone. • constitution: purely the sternohyoid involves the outside; the sternothyroid is deep. The bulge of the thyroid cartilage might be noticeable throughout the muscle on the higher finish of the neck, whilst no longer obscured by means of free pores and skin folds. person muscle tissue HORSE puppy » NECK forty nine 50 person muscle tissues > NECK HORSE OX Sternocephalicus puppy floor of front fringe of the masseter muscle. Sternomastoid: Base The Sternocephalicus ("sternum-to-head" muscle) is the final identify for of the cranium within the sector in the back of the ear gap. the muscle that starts off at the entrance finish of the sternum (the manubrium) • motion: See above. additionally opens the mouth by way of pulling the reduce jaw and ends on a variety of components of the cranium. whilst it inserts onto the reduce jaw, downward. or mandible, it really is known as the sternomandibularis; onto the mastoid • constitution: The Sternocephalicus contains separate muscular tissues— method at the base of the cranium, the sternomastoid; and onto the occipi- the sternomandibularis, which attaches to the reduce jaw, and the ster- tal bone at the top rear fringe of the cranium, the sterno-occipitalis.

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