Video Revolutions: On the History of a Medium

By Michael Z. Newman

Since the times of early tv, video has been an crucial a part of tradition, society, and moving-image media industries. Over the many years, it's been an avant-garde creative medium, a high-tech customer machine, a layout for observing videos at domestic, a strength for democracy, and the final word, ubiquitous technique of documenting fact. within the twenty-first century, video is the identify we supply every kind of relocating pictures. we all know it as an adaptable medium that bridges analog and electronic, novice undefined, broadcasting and recording, tv and cinema, artwork and advertisement tradition, and previous media and new electronic networks.

In this historical past, Michael Z. Newman casts video as a medium of moving price and legitimacy on the subject of different media and applied sciences, really movie and tv. Video has been imagined as roughly actual or inventive than video clips or tv, as roughly democratic and participatory, as kind of in a position to taking pictures the genuine. Techno-utopian rhetoric has many times represented video as a innovative medium, promising to unravel the issues of the prior and the present―often the very difficulties linked to tv and the society formed via it―and to bring a greater destiny. Video has additionally been noticeable extra negatively, fairly as a danger to video clips and their tradition. This research considers video as an item of those hopes and fears and builds an method of considering the concept that of the medium when it comes to cultural status.

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See additionally Betamax; Betamax Case; Portapak Sony v. Betamax. See Betamax Case Spigel, Lynn, 102 activities on tv, 24 superstar Wars, 39–40 Streeter, Tom, viii–ix, 25 surveillance video, 63–64, sixty nine Tarantino, Quentin, ninety three Tashiro, Charles, fifty six activity strength on movie Integrity, 59–60 “TV as an artistic Medium,” 32 technological solutionism, ix, xi tv, 4–5; as historical past for figuring out video artwork, 30–36; centrality to the cultural prestige of video, one zero one; structure as a medium, a hundred; convergence with cinema, 75–77; cultural prestige with regards to movie, sixty two; cultural prestige within the Nineteen Sixties, 20–22; in “death of cinema” discourse, 88–94; electronic tv as development, 93–94; electronic transmission, seventy four; distinctness as medium weakened through on-line video, 86–88; emergence as a mass medium, 7–16; made active/interactive together with pcs, 81–85; as a way of observing videos, 54–55; as a medium of intimacy and immediacy, 10; prestige as strongest mass medium, 70–71; use with networked machine, 77–84. See additionally cable tv; information on tv; activities on tv; tv networks; video tv networks, 28–29, 34, forty-one, eighty one; elevation of dwell broadcasting, 12–14; integration of on-line merchandising and content material, 84–85; position inside media conglomerates, seventy six; use of videotape, 18 Thompson, Frank, 57–58 time-shifting, 37–38, forty two TiVo, 28. See additionally, DVR Tompkins, Calvin, 35 U-matic, 22–23, 37 college movie and Video organization, 60 VCR. See videotape recorder Verna, Tony, 111n18 VHS, seventy four, ninety two, 97–100 Video: as actual medium of representing truth, 63–70; cultural prestige of, 101–102; as electronic media, 2–3; as electronic medium, 73–94; as digital expertise, viii; as a layout for gazing videos, 39–61; as domestic expertise, 25–30; as an development on tv, 26–28; inclusion of flicks and tv exhibits inside classification, 85–88; as indexical medium, 68–69; as many stuff, 95–97; as a masculinized medium, 47–50; as a medium of replica of flicks, 53–61; levels of its heritage, 2–4; as sight component to tv, nine; precis of id through the years, ninety seven; as synonym for tv, 2; use in educating movie experiences, 58–61; use with machine desktops, seventy nine; as a note, viii, 1, 7–9, 30. See additionally tv; videotape; videotape recorder; internet video “Video: The special positive aspects of the Medium” (essay), 33–35 video paintings, 18, 30–36 video digicam, 31, 62–70. See additionally Portapak, camcorder games, vii, 18, 29–30, 86 “Video Killed the Radio Star,” 20 video on call for (VOD), 74–76, 85–88 The Videophile, 48–49 video popcorn, 114n68 “The Video Revolution” (Newsweek story), 42–46 videotape, 2; comparability with electronic codecs, 80–81; historical past and improvement, 17–29; makes use of outdoor of tv creation, 22–23. See additionally videotape recorder videotape recorder: early makes use of outdoor of tv creation, 22–23; in the house video revolution of Nineteen Seventies and Eighties, 36–50; principles of destiny use in the house, 26–30; in Greenberg, From Betamax to Blockbuster, 102; as masculine hobbyist expertise, 47–50; alternative through electronic know-how, 74–76; and shift of cinema from public to personal, 43–46; use by way of tv networks, 17–18.

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